How to Protect Yourself and Others from Coronavirus?

How to Protect Yourself and Others from Coronavirus?



Older adults and people who have
severe underlying medical conditions
like heart or lung disease or
diabetes seem to be at higher risk for developing more serious complications
from COVID-19 illness.

Know How it Spreads

  • There is
    currently no vaccine to prevent
    coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
  • The best way
    to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.
  • The virus is
    thought to spread mainly from person-to-person.
    • Between
      people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
    • Through
      respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
  • These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be
    inhaled into the lungs.

Take steps to protect yourself

Clean your hands often

  • Wash your
    often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds
    especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your
    nose, coughing, or sneezing.
  • If soap and
    water are not readily available, use
    a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol
    . Cover
    all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they feel dry.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with
    unwashed hands.

Avoid close contact

Cover coughs and sneezes

  • Cover your
    mouth and nose
    with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the
    inside of your elbow.
  • Throw used
    in the trash.
  • Immediately wash your hands with soap and
    water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not readily
    available, clean your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least
    60% alcohol.

Wear a facemask if you
are sick

  • If you are
    You should wear a facemask when you are around other
    people (e.g., sharing a room or vehicle) and before you enter a healthcare
    provider’s office. If you are not able to wear a facemask (for example,
    because it causes trouble breathing), then you should do your best to
    cover your coughs and sneezes, and people who are caring for you should
    wear a facemask if they enter your room. Learn what to do if you are sick.
  • If you are NOT
    You do not need to wear a facemask unless you are
    caring for someone who is sick (and they are not able to wear a facemask).
    Facemasks may be in short supply and they should be saved for caregivers.

Clean and disinfect

  • Clean AND
    disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily
    . This includes tables,
    doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards,
    toilets, faucets, and sinks.
  • If surfaces
    are dirty, clean them:
    Use detergent or soap and water prior
    to disinfection.

To disinfect:

Most common EPA-registered household disinfectants will work. Use disinfectants
appropriate for the surface.

Options include:

  • Diluting your
    household bleach.

    To make a bleach solution, mix:
    • 5 tablespoons
      (1/3rd cup) bleach per gallon of water
    • 4 teaspoons
      bleach per quart of water

Follow manufacturer’s instructions for
application and proper ventilation. Check to ensure the product is not past its
expiration date. Never mix household bleach with ammonia or any other cleanser.
Unexpired household bleach will be effective against coronaviruses when
properly diluted.

  • Alcohol

    Ensure solution has at least 70% alcohol.
  • Other common
    EPA-registered household disinfectants.

    Products with EPA-approved emerging viral pathogens pdf icon[7 pages]external icon claims are expected to be
    effective against COVID-19 based on data for harder to kill viruses.
    Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for all cleaning and disinfection
    products (e.g., concentration, application method and contact time, etc.).

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